Injuries can occur from a variety of different causes and can range in severity from minor cuts to deep burns. In more severe cases, a patient may require treatment such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or stitches. However, many injuries can be avoided by taking some basic precautions.
In western Kenya, injury is one of the most common causes of admission to hospital and a major contributor to morbidity and mortality. Injury is a substantial contributor to the burden on hospitals and the national economy. A recent study found that assaults were the leading cause of injury, accounting for 40% of emergency department visits.
Injuries to the spinal cord are particularly severe and affect men more than women. The majority of traumatic spinal cord injuries are caused by motor vehicle accidents. However, falls are the most common cause of spinal cord injuries in people over the age of 65. Violent encounters account for another 12% of spinal cord injuries. Knife and gunshot wounds are common. Additionally, sports-related injuries can lead to spinal cord injuries, as are diseases.
Manual handling is another common cause of injury. In the US, more than 120,000 people sustained an injury at work related to manual handling in 2016. Accidents from lifting are one of the most common causes of workplace injuries. Lifting too much weight or incorrectly estimating the weight can cause back injuries and strains. Thankfully, however, the majority of workplace injuries can be prevented if proper precautions are taken.